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CEREALS AND THEIR PREPARATION.
Cereal is the identify given to these seeds used as meals (wheat, rye, oats, barley, corn, rice, and so on.), that are produced by vegetation belonging to the huge order often known as the grass household. They’re used for meals each within the unground state and in numerous types of mill merchandise.
The grains are pre-eminently nutritious, and when nicely ready, simply digested meals. In composition they’re all comparable, however variations of their constituent parts and the relative quantities of those numerous parts, give them totally different levels of alimentary worth. They every comprise a number of of the nitrogenous parts, gluten, albumen, caseine, and fibrin, along with starch, dextrine, sugar, and fatty matter, and likewise mineral parts and woody matter, or cellulose. The mixed nutritive worth of the grain meals is sort of thrice that of beef, mutton, or poultry. As regards the proportion of the meals parts needed to fulfill the varied necessities of the system, grains method extra practically the correct normal than most different meals; certainly, wheat comprises precisely the right proportion of the meals parts.
Being thus in themselves so practically good meals, and when correctly ready, exceedingly palatable and simple of digestion, it’s a matter of shock that they aren’t extra typically used; but scarcely one household in fifty makes any use of the grains, save within the type of flour, or an occasional dish of rice or oatmeal. This use of grains is much too meager to adequately symbolize their worth as an article of eating regimen. Selection in the usage of grains is as needed as in the usage of different meals materials, and the quite a few grain preparations now to be present in market render it fairly doable to make this class of meals a staple article of eating regimen, if that’s the case desired, with out their changing into in any respect monotonous.
In olden occasions the grains had been largely depended upon as a staple meals, and it’s a truth nicely authenticated by historical past that the best situation of man has all the time been related to wheat-consuming nations. The traditional Spartans, whose powers of endurance are proverbial, had been consumed a grain eating regimen, and the Roman troopers who beneath Caesar conquered the world, carried every a bag of parched grain in his pocket as his every day ration.
Different nationalities at the moment make in depth use of the varied grains. Rice utilized in reference to a few of the leguminous seeds, varieties the staple article of eating regimen for a big proportion of the human race. Rice, not like the opposite grain meals, is poor within the nitrogenous parts, and for that reason its use must be supplemented by different articles containing an extra of the nitrogenous materials. It is for that reason, probably, that the Chinese language eat peas and beans in reference to rice.
We incessantly meet individuals who say they can not use the grains, that they don’t agree with them. With all deference to the opinion of such folks, it could be said that the problem usually lies in the truth that the grain was both not correctly cooked, not correctly eaten, or not correctly accompanied. A grain, just because it’s a grain, is on no account warranted to faithfully fulfil its mission until correctly handled. Like many one other good factor glorious in itself, if present in dangerous firm, it’s liable to create mischief, and in lots of circumstances the foundation of the entire problem could also be discovered within the extreme quantity of sugar used with the grain.
Sugar shouldn’t be wanted with grains to extend their alimentary worth. The starch which constitutes a big proportion of their meals parts should itself be transformed into sugar by the digestive processes earlier than assimilation, therefore the addition of cane sugar solely will increase the burden of the digestive organs, for the pleasure of the palate. The Asiatics, who subsist largely upon rice, use no sugar upon it, and why ought to or not it’s thought-about requisite for the enjoyment of wheat, rye, oatmeal, barley, and different grains, any greater than it’s for our enjoyment of bread or different articles created from these similar grains? Undoubtedly the usage of grains would turn into extra common in the event that they had been served with much less or no sugar. The continued use of sugar upon grains tends to cloy the urge for food, simply because the fixed use of cake or sweetened bread within the place of abnormal bread would do. Loads of good, candy cream or fruit juice, is a enough dressing, and there are few individuals who after a brief trial wouldn’t come to benefit from the grains with out sugar, and would then as quickly consider dishing out with a meal altogether as to dispense with the grains.
Even when served with out sugar, the grains could not show altogether healthful until they’re correctly eaten. As a result of they’re made mushy by the method of cooking and on this account don’t require masticating to interrupt them up, the primary technique of digestion or insalivation is often missed. However it have to be remembered that grains are largely composed of starch, and that starch have to be blended with the saliva, or it’s going to stay undigested within the abdomen, for the reason that gastric juice solely digests the nitrogenous parts. Because of this it’s fascinating to eat the grains in reference to some laborious meals. Entire-wheat wafers, properly toasted to make them crisp and tender, toasted rolls, and unfermented zwieback, are glorious for this objective. Break two or three wafers into fairly small items over every particular person dish earlier than pouring on the cream. On this manner, a morsel of the laborious meals could also be taken with every spoonful of the grains. The mixture of meals thus secured, is most pleasing. It is a specifically advantageous technique of serving grains for kids, who’re so liable to swallow their meals with out correct mastication.